Fourth Way: Self-Observation

Self-observation is a practice used to gain self-knowledge. Only through self-knowledge as we are, not as we suppose ourselves to be, can we begin to change.


  • Self-observation requires effort.
  • Identification makes self-observation impossible.
  • Awareness of the struggle with imagination
  • Awareness that you don't know yourself.


Only one of the two methods can be used at time.


Recording must be practiced first.


As Specific Centers

As Right or Wrong Workings

Events vs. States


Analysis should only take place after recording. First, because without first registering the sensations of a function, you have nothing to analyze. Secondly, analysis can take your attention of what you are analyzing which leads to incomplete information.


Through self-observation you acquire the knowledge of the illusions that block your way to further development.

You Already Know Yourself

First of all, the illusion that you know yourself. If you think you know yourself, then you will have no reason to observe yourself to gain more knowledge about yourself — after all, you already think you know. You must always approach self-observation with the realization that you don't know yourself and therefore you have something to learn.

You Are Conscious

in the process of self-observation we realize that we are not in the third state of consciousness, that we live only in two.


So, at the same time as self-observing, we try to be aware of ourselves by holding the sensation of 'I am here'—nothing more.

Knowledge of Your Machine

We must study ourselves in connection with this division of different functions when we can—when we remember to do it—because in this we depend on chance. When we remember, we must try to be aware of ourselves. This is all we can do.


  • Practice self-observation in different conditions, not just the same one.

See Also